Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland produces too much of the thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is the autoimmune condition Graves Disease, which is much more common in women than in men and typically seems to be activated by a stressful event or an emotional shock. There is also a genetic component here, as well as a susceptibility to gluten sensitivity or coeliac disease.
Iodine supplementation when levels are already adequate is also a predisposing factor for someone to develop hyperthyroidism/Graves disease.
Most common symptoms are nervousness, irritability, sweating, palpitations, insomnia, loose and frequent bowel movements, weight loss and in some people their eyes can start to protrude, and they might develop a visible goiter.
Assessing whether gluten is problematic in the diet is recommended to assess the autoimmune side of the condition. As is removing iodine sources and caffeine.
Carnitine has been shown to be an antagonist of thyroid hormone in tissues therefore supplementing should be considered.
Vitamin D is a key nutrient for modulating the immune system. It is difficult to get this from the diet and only really available from sunshine, therefore supplementing October to April may be helpful.
Low levels of iron has been linked to hyperthyroidism. Organic red meat and fish are good sources of heme iron and green leafy vegetables are sources of non-heme iron. It is best to pair non-heme iron sources with vitamin C, such as lemon juice, to help with iron absorption.
Similarly to iron, low levels of selenium have been linked to hyperthyroidism. Food sources of selenium are brazil nuts, seafood and organ meats, however supplementing will be beneficial to increase levels.
Stress management is an important part of a hyperthyroidism protocol. Ensure to get regular walks in nature, Epson salt baths, meditation and breathing exercises in your weekly schedule.
We offer one to one Nutritional Therapy Consultations to address Thyroid conditions. Click here to visit our Nutritional Therapy Pages
Please note that the information contained within this website does not and should not replace medical advice, and is not intended to treat or diagnose. We always recommend you consult with your doctor. Our Nutritional Therapy team is highly trained and we offer one to one Nutritional Therapy Consultations, which are designed to be complementary to any medical treatment from a functional medicine approach, as well as offering a preventative & optimal health focus.