Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an inflammation of the uterus, ovaries, and other areas of the female reproductive system[i].
Some women have no symptoms. Others have pain in the lower abdomen, fever, irregular vaginal discharge, irregular bleeding, and pain during intercourse or urination. PID may be diagnosed with a physical exam, lab tests or imaging tests[ii].
PID is usually caused by a variety of different bacteria: chlamydia, gonorrhoea or mycoplasma genitalium. In such cases, antibiotics are often used as treatment. Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common, accounting for 14–35% of cases[iii].
Transmission of infections:
Multiple sexual partners/ A recent new partner
History of sexually transmitted diseases[iv]
Transmission of infection could also occur due to:
Termination of pregnancy
Recent insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD)
In vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination[v].
Symptoms of PID include:
Pelvic and lower abdominal pain on both sides
Pain during sex
Abnormal vaginal bleeding/spotting (read more here)
Abnormal vaginal discharge
Painful period cramps (read more here)
Without treatment, PID can lead to serious problems like infertility and chronic pelvic pain (pain that does not go away). If you think you may have PID, see a doctor or nurse as soon as possible.
Please Note: Complementary nutritional and supplemental support can support you in this condition but treatment from your doctor must be taken with immediate effect. Talk to us today for more personalised advice regarding your symptoms and concerns.
Curcumin 500 with Bioperine (60 Caps) and Curcumin Latte - Organic (30g): Curcumin also has powerful anti-inflammatory effects[viii] [ix]. It also possesses anti-microbial effects and is said to be useful in a wide scope of female reproductive disorders[x].
CBD has been suggested by some studies as adjunct therapy for chronic pelvic pain [xi]. Try: CBD Oil - Signature Blend No.3 2000mg (10ml) or CBD Aqua + Curcumin (10ml) - this unique full spectrum blend contains 2000mg of CBD per 10ml.
Please take probiotics after your antibiotic treatment, to replenish the good strains in the microbiome in your gut, try: Synerbio Daily High Strength Probiotic and Synerbio Saccharomyces Boulardii (30 caps).
[i] Das BB, Ronda J, Trent M. Pelvic inflammatory disease: improving awareness, prevention, and treatment. Infect Drug Resist. 2016 Aug 19;9:191-7.
[ii] Darville T; Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Workshop Proceedings Committee. Pelvic inflammatory disease: identifying research gaps--proceedings of a workshop sponsored by Department of Health and Human Services/National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, November 3-4, 2011.
[iii] Simms I, Stephenson JM
Pelvic inflammatory disease epidemiology: what do we know and what do we need to know?
Sexually Transmitted Infections 2000;76:80-87.
[iv] Detailed std facts - pelvic inflammatory disease - cdc fact sheet (2021) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/pid/st... (Accessed: November 16, 2022).
[vi] Jennings LK, Krywko DM. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. [Updated 2022 Jun 5]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/b...
[vii] Mashhadi NS, Ghiasvand R, Askari G, Hariri M, Darvishi L, Mofid MR. Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of ginger in health and physical activity: review of current evidence. Int J Prev Med. 2013 Apr;4(Suppl 1):S36-42
[viii] Peng Y, Ao M, Dong B, Jiang Y, Yu L, Chen Z, Hu C, Xu R. Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Curcumin in the Inflammatory Diseases: Status, Limitations and Countermeasures. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2021 Nov 2;15:4503-4525.
[ix] Hewlings SJ, Kalman DS. Curcumin: A Review of Its Effects on Human Health. Foods. 2017 Oct 22;6(10):92.
[x] Kamal DAM, Salamt N, Yusuf ANM, Kashim MIAM, Mokhtar MH. Potential Health Benefits of Curcumin on Female Reproductive Disorders: A Review. Nutrients. 2021 Sep 7;13(9):3126.
[xi] Carrubba AR, Ebbert JO, Spaulding AC, DeStephano D, DeStephano CC. Use of Cannabis for Self-Management of Chronic Pelvic Pain. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Sep;30(9):1344-1351.
[xii] Morel V, Pickering ME, Goubayon J, Djobo M, Macian N, Pickering G. Magnesium for Pain Treatment in 2021? State of the Art. Nutrients. 2021 Apr 21;13(5):1397.
[xiii] Shin HJ, Na HS, Do SH. Magnesium and Pain. Nutrients. 2020 Jul 23;12(8):2184.
[xiv] Rahbar N, Asgharzadeh N, Ghorbani R. Effect of omega-3 fatty acids on intensity of primary dysmenorrhea. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2012 Apr;117(1):45-7.
Please note that the information contained within this website does not and should not replace medical advice, and is not intended to treat or diagnose. We always recommend you consult with your doctor. Our Nutritional Therapy team is highly trained and we offer one to one Nutritional Therapy Consultations, which are designed to be complementary to any medical treatment from a functional medicine approach, as well as offering a preventative & optimal health focus.